Michigan Drug Laws

Michigan Drug Laws

Michigan was once known as a state with some of the most stringent mandatory minimum sentences. Though some of those mandatory sentences have been removed, Michigan continues to heavily regulate drugs.

Marijuana Possession And Medical Marijuana

Michigan’s possession laws are based on the amount of marijuana a person is carrying. If the possession is a misdemeanor offense, defendants are faced with a one-year sentence and/or a $2,000 fine. If a felony, the defendant may face between four and 15 years.

Michigan voters approved the sale and possession of medical marijuana in 2008. Both patients who qualify and primary caregivers may apply for registry cards. These cards allow the patient to possess up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana. Some primary caregivers have been given the ability to cultivate up to 12 plants.  

Drug Convictions And Driver’s Licenses

If a person is convicted of a drug offense in Michigan, the defendant will lose his or her driver’s license for six months, if there are no prior drug convictions. If the defendant has been convicted for prior drug offenses within seven years, the license will be suspended for one year.

Synthetic Drugs

In 2012, Governor Rick Snyder signed numerous bills banning the sale of K2, Spice and bath salts. Before these bills were signed into law, drug manufacturers changed the chemical composition of the drugs to make them fall within the legal limits.

Now, any synthetic drugs designed for consumption are considered Schedule 1 drugs, and may not be sold or distributed in the state. 

Drug Courts

Michigan maintains Adult Drug Treatment Courts, DWI Courts, Family Dependency Treatment Courts and Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts.

Adult Drug Treatment courts are designed to:

  • Reduce recidivism
  • Decrease substance abuse among non-violent offenders
  • Encourage defendants to undergo rehabilitation

Defendants undergo treatment, random drug testing, community service and regular meetings with court staff.

DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) courts are designed to:

  • Change the behavior of those arrested with high blood alcohol levels
  • Protect public safety

Like those who participate in Drug Treatment court, these defendants attend meetings with court officials, undergo treatment and counseling for alcohol or drug abuse and work to change their behavior.

Family Dependency Treatment courts are designed to:

  • Protect children in homes where the adults are drug and alcohol abusers
  • Reunite families and create stable environments for children
  • Treat drug and alcohol abuse

Families work with the judge, treatment specialists, child protection services and social workers to learn how to provide a safe home for children.

Juvenile Drug Treatment courts are situated within the family court system. They are designed to help youth who are addicted to drugs and/or alcohol. The court works closely with substance abuse counselors and the youth’s family.

The laws in Michigan, especially concerning sentencing, have changed significantly within the last ten years. As medical marijuana and synthetic drug laws change, the sentencing and drug court laws will change with them. For the most current and accurate information on Michigan’s drug-related legislation, speak with a lawyer.

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